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· #1

, . . .

· #1

Centers for Disease Control andPrevention. (2014, March 18). Healthy weight its not adiet, its alife style! Retrieved August 22, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/?s_cid=cdc_homepage_topmenu_002.

· #2

Polivy, J., & Herman, C. P. (2002). Ifatfirst you dont succeed: False hopes ofself change. American Psychologist, 9, 677689.

· #3

Ogden, J. (1992). Fat chance! Themyth ofdieting explained. Routledge: NewYork.

· #4

MacLean, L. D., Rhode, B. M., & Nohr, C. W. (2000). Late outcomes ofisolated gastric bypass. Annals ofSurgery, 231, 524528. Retrieved February 11, 2013, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1421028/.

· #5

National Association for Weight Loss Surgery. (n.d.). Are you ready tofindpeace with food, your body, andthescale? Retrieved February 11, 2013, http://www.nawls.com.

· #6

Hirsh, A. R. (2008, February). Use ofgustatory stimuli tofacilitate weight loss. Poster presented attheAdvanced Technologies for Treatments ofDiabetes Conference, Prague.

· #7

Dr. Oliver DiPietros K-D diet. (2012, November 12). ABC news. Retrieved November 10, 2012, http://abcnews.go.com/2020/video/feeding-tube-diet-17469298

· #8

BluePrintCleanse. (n.d.). Retrieved June 6, 2013, http://blueprintcleanse.com/cleanse.html

· #9

Newman, J. (2010, October 28). Thejuice cleanse: Astrange andgreen journey.The NewYork Times. Retrieved June 6, 2013, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/28/fashion/28Cleanse.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

· #10

Dax, U., Peter, C., & Polivy, J. (2002). Eat, drink andbe merry for tomorrow we diet: Effects ofanticipated deprivation onfood intake inrestrained andunrestrained eaters. Journal ofAbnormal Psychology, 111, 396401. doi: 10.1037/0021-843X.111.2.396

· #11

Hanh, T., & Cheung, L. (2010). Savor: Mindful eating, mindful life (1st ed.). NewYork: HarperCollins; Bays, J. (2009). Mindful eating: Aguide torediscovering ahealthy andjoyful relationship with food (1st ed.). Boston: Shambhala.

· #12

Jenny Craig web page. (n.d.). Retrieved December 5, 2012, http://www.jennycraig.com/clicktocall?s_kwcid=TC-23217-14079912139-e-1714849267&s_kwcid=TC-23217-14079912139-be-1714849267

· #13

Nutrisystem web page. (n.d.). Retrieved December 5, 2012, http://www.nutrisystem.com/jsps_hmr/how_it_works/why_it_works.jsp

· #14

Mike Morenos 17 day diet plan web page. Retrieved December 5, 2012, http://www.17daydietdirect.com/17daydietdirect/ps/index?keycode=215678

· #15

Keys, A., Bro?ek, J., Henschel, A., Mickelsen, O., & Taylor, H. L. (1950). Thebiology ofhuman starvation (2 vols.). Minneapolis: University ofMinnesota Press.

· #16

Stunkard, A. J., & Rush, J. (1974). Dieting anddepression reexamined: Acritical review ofreports ofuntoward responses during weight reduction for obesity.Annals ofInternal Medicine, 81, 526533.

· #17

Ogden, J. (1992). Fat Chance! TheMyth ofDieting Explained. Routledge: NewYork.

· #18

Wegner, D. M., Schneider, D. J., Carter, S., & White, T. (1987). Paradoxical effects ofthought suppression. Journal ofPersonality andSocial Psychology, 53, 513.

· #19

Polivy, J., & Herman, C. P. (2002). Ifatfirst you dont succeed: False hopes ofself change. American Psychologist, 9, 677689.

· #20

Ibid.

· #21

McFarlane, T., Polivy, J., & Herman, C. P. (1998). Effects offalse weight feedback onmood, self-evaluation, andfood intake inrestrained andunrestrained eaters.Journal ofAbnormal Psychology, 107, 312318.

· #22

McFarlane, T., Polivy, J., McCabe, R. E. (1999). Help not harm: Psychological foundation for anondieting approach toward health. Journal ofSocial Issues, 55, 261276.

· #23

Polivy & Herman (2002).

· #24

Ibid.

· #25

U.S. Weight Loss Market Worth $60.9 Billion. (2011, May 9). PRWeb. Retrieved December 6, 2012, http://www.prweb.com/releases/2011/5/prweb8393658.htm

· #26

Polivy, J., & Herman, C. P. (1985). Dieting andbingeing: Acausal analysis. American Psychologist, 40, 193201.

· #27

Polivy, J., & Herman, C. P. (1993). Etiology ofbinge eating: Psychological mechanisms. InG. T. Wilson (Ed.), Binge eating: Nature, assessment andtreatment (pp. 173205). NewYork: Guilford Press.

· #28

French, S. A., Jeffery, R. W., Forster, J. L., McGovern, P. G., Kelder, S. J., & Baxter, J. (1994). Predictors ofweight change over two years among apopulation ofworking adults: TheHealthy Worker Project. International Journal ofObesity, 18,145154.

· #29

Jakubowicz, D., Froy, O., Wainstein, J., & Boaz, M. (2012). Meal timing andconsumption influence ghrelin levels, appetite scores andweight loss maintenance inoverweight andobese adults. Steroids, 10, 323331.

· #30

Ogden (1992).

· #31

Ibid.

· #32

The5:2 fast diet. (n.d.). Retrieved June 27, 2013, http://thefastdiet.co.uk

· #33

Centers for Disease Control andPrevention (CDC). (n.d.). Body mass index: Considerations for practitioners [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/downloads/BMIforPactitioners.pdf; Bakalar, N. (2012, December 24). BMI can predict health risks. TheNewYork Times [blog]. Retrieved from http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/12/24/b-m-i-can-predict-health-risks/

· #34

CDC. (2013, June 17). Preconception health andhealthcare. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/preconception/careforwomen/promotion.html; Flegal, K. M.,Graubard, B. I., Williamson, D. F., & Gail, M. H. (2005). Excess deaths associated with overweight, underweight, andobesity. Journal oftheAmerican Medical Association, 293, 18611867. doi: 10.1001/jama.293.15.1861

· #35

National Health, Lung, andBlood Institute. (n.d.). Assessing your weight andhealth risk. Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/obesity/lose_wt/risk.htm

· #36

CDC (n.d.); CDC (2013).

· #37

CDC. (2014, July 11). About BMI for adults. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/adult_bmi/

· #38

CDC. (2011, August 17). Losing weight: What ishealthy weight loss? Retrieved July 24, 2014, http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/losing_weight/

· #39

Polivy, J., & Herman, C. P. (2002). Ifatfirst you dont succeed: False hopes ofself-change. American Psychologist, 57, 677689. doi: 10.1037/0003-066x.57.9.677

· #40

Polivy, J. (2013, March 3). Dieting intheface ofplenty: Why appetite beats selfcontrol. Paper presented atthemeeting oftheEastern Psychological Association: Consuming Psychological Science, NewYork.

· #41

Painter, K. (2013, January 30). Survey: Many adults track their health issues. USA Today. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/01/26/health-tracking-apps-gadgets/1862987/

· #42

Clover, J. (2013, January 6). CES 2013: HAPIfork isadigital fork that tracks your eating habits. MacRumors. Retrieved from http://www.macrumors.com/2013/01/06/ces-2013-hapifork-is-a-digital-fork-that-tracks-your-eating-habits/

· #43

Manjood, F. (2012, December 26). Anappetite for weight management tools. TheNewYork Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/27/garden/devices-to-monitor-physical-activity-and-food-intake.html?_r=0

· #44

Klos, L. A., Kessler, V. E., & Molly, M. (2012). Toweigh ornot toweigh: Therelationship between self-weighing behavior andbody image among adults. Body Image, 9, 551554. doi: http://dx.doi.og/10.1016/j.bodyim.2012.07.004

· #45

VanWormer, J. J., French, S. A., Pereira, M. A., & Welsh, E. M. (2008). Theimpact ofregular self-weighing onweight management: Asystematic literature review.International Journal ofBehavioral Nutrition andPhysical Activity, 5, 110. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-5-54

· #46

Ogden, J., & Taylor, C. (2000). Body dissatisfaction within couples: Adding thesocial context toperceptions ofself. Journal ofHealth Psychology, 5, 2532. doi:10.1177/135910530000500107

· #47

Jones, D. C. (2009, July 16). Personal communication; Neurmark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., Hannan, P. J., Perry, C. L., & Irving, L. M. (2002). Weight-related concerns andbehaviors among overweight andnon-overweight adolescents: Implications for preventing weight-related disorders. Archive ofPediatric andAdolescent Medicine, 156, 171178. doi: 10.1001/archpedi.156.2.171; Yanover, T., & Thompson, J. K. (2009). Assessment ofbody image inchildren andadolescents. InL. Smolak & J. K. Thompson (Eds.), Body image, eating disorders andobesity inyouth (2nd ed., pp. 177192), Washington, DC: American Psychological Association; Ericksen, A. J., Markey, C. N., &Tinslet, B. J. (2003). Familial influences onMexican-Americanand Euro-American preadolescent boys andgirls body dissatisfaction. Eating Behaviors, 4, 245255. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1471-0153(03)00025-4; McCabe, M. P., & Ricciardelli, L. A. (2004).Weight andshape concerns ofboys andmen. InJ. K. Thompson (Ed.), Handbook ofeating disorders andobesity (pp. 606634), Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

· #48

Davison, K. K., Markey, C. N., & Birch, L. L. (2003).A longitudinal examination ofpatterns ingirls weight concerns andbody dissatisfaction from ages 5 to9 years old. International Journal ofEating Disorders, 33, 320332. doi: 10.1002/eat.10142

· #49

Markey, C. N., & Markey, P. M. (2005). Relations between body image anddieting behaviors: Anexamination ofgender differences. Sex Roles, 53, 519530.doi: 10.1007/s11199-005-7139-3

· #50

Palmeira, A. L., Markland, P. N., Silva, M. N., Branco, T. L., Martins, S. C.,Minderico, C. S.. Teixeria, P. J. (2009). Reciprocal effects among changes inweight, body image, andother psychological factors during behavioral obesity treatment: Amediation analysis. International Journal ofBehavioral Nutrition andPhysical Activity, 6, 69. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-6-9; Killen, J. D., Taylor, C. B., Hayward, C., Wilson, D. M., Haydel, K. F., Hammer, L. D.. Kraemer, H. (1994). Pursuit ofthinness andonset ofeating disorder symptoms inacommunity sample ofadolescent girls: A3-year prospective analysis. International Journal ofEating Disorders, 16, 227238. doi: 10.1002/1098-108x(199411)16:3<227:AID-EAT2260160303?3.0.CO;2-L

· #51

Palmeira et al. (2009).

· #52

Killen et al. (1994).

· #53

Markey, C. N., Markey, P. M., & Birch, L. L. (2001). Interpersonal predictors ofdieting practices among married couples. Journal ofFamily Psychology, 15, 464475. doi: 10.1037//0893-3200.15.3.464

· #54

Gill, R. (2012). Media, empowerment, andthe sexualization ofculture debates. Sex Roles, 66, 736745. doi: 10.1007/s11199-011-0107-1; Wasylkiw, L., & Williamson, M. E. (2012). Actual reports andperceptions ofbody image concerns ofyoung women andtheir friends. Sex Roles, 68, 239251. doi: 10.1007-012-0227-2

· #55

Clay, D., Vignoles, V., & Dittmar, H. (2005). Body-image andself-esteem among adolescent females: Testing theinfluence ofsociocultural factors. Journal for Research onAdolescence, 15, 451477. doi: 10.1111/j.15327795.2005.00107.x;Durkin, S. J., Paxton, S. J., &Sorbello, M. (2007). Anintegrative model oftheimpact ofexposure toidealized female images onadolescent girls body satisfaction. Journal ofApplied Social Psychology, 37, 10921117. doi: 10.1111/j.15591816.2007.00201.x; Markey, C. N., & Markey, P. M. (2009). Correlates ofyoung womens desire toobtain cosmetic surgery. Sex Roles, 61, 158166. doi:10.1007/s11199-009-9625-5

· #56

Hofschire, L. J., & Greenberg, B. S. (2002). Medias impact onadolescents body dissatisfaction. InJ. D. Brown, J. R. Steele, & K. Walsh-Childers (Eds.) Sexual Teens, Sexual Media. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

· #57

Mooney, E., Farley, H., &Strugnell, C. (2009). Aqualitative investigation into theopinions ofadolescent females regarding their body image concerns anddieting practices intheRepublic ofIreland (ROI). Appetite, 52, 485491. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2008.12.012

· #58

Hawkins, N., Richards, P. S., Granley, H. M., & Stein, D. M. (2004). Theimpact ofexposure tothethin-ideal media image onwomen. Eating Disorders, 12, 3550; Monro, F., & Huon, G. (2005). Media portrayed idealized images, bodyshame, andappearance anxiety. International Journal ofEating Disorders, 38, 8590. doi: 10.1002/eat.20153; Sarwer, D. B., &Crerand, C. E. (2004). Body image andcosmetic medical treatments. Body Image, 1, 99111. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10/1016/S1740-1445(03)00003-2; Stice, E., & Shaw, H. E. (2002). Role ofbody dissatisfaction intheonset andmaintenance ofeating pathology: Asynthesis ofresearch findings. Journal ofPsychosomatic Research, 53, 985993. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10/1016/5O022-3999(02)00488-9; Ward, L. M., & Harrison, K. (2005). Theimpact ofmedia use ongirls beliefs about gender roles, their bodies, andsexual relationships: Aresearch synthesis. InE. Cole & J. H. Daniels (Eds.), Featuring females: Feminist analyses ofmedia (pp. 323). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

· #59

Markey, C. N., & Markey, P. M. (2010). Acorrelational andexperimental examination ofreality television viewing andinterest incosmetic surgery. Body Image, 7, 165171. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.body.im.2009.10.006; Markey,C. N., & Markey, P. M. (2012). Emerging adults responses toamedia presentationof idealized female beauty: Anexamination ofcosmetic surgery inreality television. Psychology ofpopular media culture, 1, 209219.doi: 10.1037/a0027869

· #60

Schooler, D., Kim, J. L., & Sorsoli, C. L. (2006). Setting rules ofsitting down: Parental mediation oftelevision consumption andadolescent well-being. Sexual Research andSocial Policy, 3, 4962.

· #61

Pieters, R., & Wedel, M. (2012). Ad gist: Ad communication inasingle eye fixation. Marketing Science, 31, 5973.doi: 10.1287/mksc.1110.0673

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Norton, K. I., Olds, T. S., Olive, S., & Dank, S. (1996). Ken andBarbie atlife size. Sex Roles, 34, 287294. doi: 10.1007.BF01544300

· #63

Bahadur, N. (2013, July 1). Normal Barbie byNickolay Lamm shows us what Mattel dolls might look like ifbased onactual women. TheHuffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/01/normal-barbie-nickolay-lamm_n_3529460.html

· #64

Dittmar, H., Halliwell, E., & Ive, S. (2006). Does Barbie make girls want tobe thin? Theeffect ofexperimental exposure toimages ofdolls onthebody image of5 to8 year old girls. Developmental Psychology, 42, 286292. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.42.2.283

· #65

Castle, D. J., Honigman, R. J., & Phillips, K. A. (2001). Does cosmetic surgery improve psychosocial well-being? Medical Journal ofAustralia, 176, 601604.

· #66

Slater, A., Tiggemann, M., Firth, B., & Hawkins, K. (2012). Reality check: Anexperimental investigation oftheaddition ofwarning labels tofashion magazine images onwomens mood andbody dissatisfaction. Journal ofSocial andClinical Psychology, 31, 105122. doi: 10.1521/jscp.2012.31.2.105

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Goldwert, L. (2011, June 24). AMA takes stand onPhotoshop; Medical association: Altering contributes tounrealistic expectations. NewYork Daily News. Retrieved from http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/fashion/ama-takes-stand-photoshop-medical-association-altering-contributes-unrealistic-expectations-article-1.126921

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National Press Photographers Association (2012).NPPA code ofethics. Retrieved from https://nppa.org/code-of-ethics

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Melago, C. (2009, October 24). Ralph Lauren model Filippa Hamilton: I was fired because I was too fat! NewYork Daily News. Retrieved from http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/fashion/ralph-lauren-model-filippa-hamilton-fired-fat-article-1.381093; Size four model: I was fired for being too fat. (2009, October14). Today. Retrieved from http://www.today.com/id/33307721/ns/today-style/t/size-model-i-was-fired-being-too-fat/#.UWIdqVezfIs

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Sweeny, M. (2009, December 16). Twiggys Olay ad banned over airbrushing. TheGuardian. Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2009/dec/16/twiggys-olay-ad-banned-airbrushing

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Albertini, R. S., & Phillips, K. A. (1999). Thirty-three cases ofbody dysmorphic disorder inchildren andadolescents. Journal oftheAmerican Academy ofChildand Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 453459. doi: http://dx.doi.org.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/10.1097/00004583-199904000-00019; Reas, D. L., &Grilo, C. M. (2004). Cognitive-behavioral assessment ofbody image disturbances.Journal ofPsychiatricPractice, 10, 314322. doi: http://dx.doi.org.proxy.libraries.edu/10.1097/00131746-200409000-00005

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Wasylkiw, L., & Williamson, M. E. (2012). Actual reports andperceptionsof body image concerns ofyoung women andtheir friends. Sex Roles, 68, 239251.doi: 10.1007-012-0227-2

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Ogden, C. L., Kit, B. K., Carroll, M. D., & Park, S. (2011). Consumption ofsugar drinks intheUnited States, 20052008. NCHS Data Brief, 71, 18.

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Chaloupka, F. J., Powell, L. M., &Chriqui, J. F. (2011). Sugar-sweetened beverages andobesity prevention: Policy recommendations. Journal ofPolicy Analysisand Management, 30, 662664.

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Gross, L. S., Li, L., Ford, E. S., & Liu, S. (2004) Increased consumption ofrefined carbohydrates andtheepidemic oftype 2 diabetes intheUnited States: Anecologic assessment. American Journal ofClinical Nutrition, 79, 774779.

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Davis, B., & Carpenter, C. (2009).Proximity offast food restaurants toschools andadolescent obesity. American Journal ofPublic Health, 99, 505510.8. Gardener, H., Rundek, T., Markert, M., Wright, C. B., Elkind, M. S. V., & Sacco, R. L. (2012). Diet soft drink consumption isassociated with anincreased risk ofvascular events intheNorthern Manhattan Study. Journal ofGeneral Internal Medicine, 27, 11201126.

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Gardener, H., Rundek, T., Markert, M., Wright, C. B., Elkind, M. S. V., & Sacco, R. L. (2012). Diet soft drink consumption isassociated with anincreased risk ofvascular events intheNorthern Manhattan Study. Journal ofGeneral Internal Medicine, 27, 11201126.

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Heid, M. (2013, March 10). Small snacks curb appetite aswell asbigger snacks. Today Health. Retrieved from http://www.today.com/health/small-snacks-curb-appetite-well-bigger-snacks-1C8790384?franchiseSlug=todayhealthmain

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Centers for Disease Control andPrevention (CDC). (2010, September 10). State-specific trends infruit andvegetable consumption among adults UnitedStates, 20002009. Morbidity andmortality weekly report (MMWR). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5935a1.htm

· #86

Williams, S. (2014, January 27). Guidelines for mens daily calorie intake. Livestrong. Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/415222-guidelines-for-mens-daily-calorie-intake/; National Institutes ofHealth (NIH). (2013,February 13). Balance food andactivity. National Heart, Lung andBlood Institute.Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/obesity/wecan/healthy-weight-basics/balance.htm

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Smit, H. J., & Rogers, P. J. (2006). Effects ofcaffeine onmood. InB. D. Smith, U. Gupta, & B. S. Gupta (Eds.), Caffeine andtheactivation theory: Effects onhealth andbehavior (pp. 229282). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; Trayambak, T., Singh, A. L., & Singh, I. L. (2009). Effect ofcaffeine onvigilance task performance l: Under low demanding condition. Indian Journal ofSocial Science Researchers, 6, 816.

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Larson, N. I., Nelson, M. C., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., & Hannan,P. J. (2009).Making time for meals: Meal structure andassociations with dietary intake inyoung adults. Journal oftheAmerican Dietetic Association, 109, 7279.

· #89

Albers, S. (2012). Eating mindfully: How toend mindless eating andenjoy abalanced relationship with food. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger.

· #90

Grotto, D., & Zied, E. (2010). Thestandard American diet andits relationship tothehealth status ofAmericans. Nutrition inClinical Practice, 25, 603612.

· #91

Centers for Disease Control andPrevention (CDC). (2014, June 12). Physical activity facts. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/physicalactivity/facts.htm

· #92

CDC. (2013, April 17). Agrowing problem. Retrieved from www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/problem.html

· #93

CDC. (2011, March 9). Physical inactivity estimates, bycounty. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/Features/dsPhysicalInactivity/

· #94

US Department ofHealth andHuman Services. (2010). Thesurgeon generals vision for ahealthy andfit nation. Retrieved from http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/initiatives/healthy-fit-nation/obesityvision2010.pdf

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Archer, E., Shook, R. P., Thomas, D. M., Church, T. S., Katzmarzyk, P. T., Hebert, J. R., Blair, S. N. (2013). 45-year trends inwomens use oftime andhousehold management energy expenditure. PLoS ONE, 8, e56620. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0056620

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Boyland, E. J., Harrold, J. A., Kirkham, T. C., Corker, C., Cuddy, J., Evans, D., Halford, J. C. G. (2011). Food commercials increase preference for energydense foods, particularly inchildren who watch more television. Pediatrics, 128,e93-e100.doi: 10.1542/peds.2010-1859

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CDC. (2014, May 20). Facts about Physical Activity. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/data/facts.html

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CDC. (2011, December 1). How much physical activity do adults need? Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/everyone/guidelines/adults.html

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Knox, O. (2013, February 28). Michelle Obama: Obesity fight is generational campaign. Yahoo News [blog]. Retrieved from http://news.yahoo.com/blogs/ticket/michelle-obama-obesity-fight-generational-campaign-003906872-election.html

· #100

CDC (2011, December 1).

· #101

Ibid.

· #102

CDC. (1999, November 17). Physical activity andhealth: Areport ofthesurgeon general. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/sgr/ataglan.htm

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Ibid.

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Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Kit, B. K., & Flegal, K. M. (2014). Prevalence ofchildhood andadult obesity intheUnited States, 20112012. Journal oftheAmerican Medical Association, 311, 806814. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.732

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Markey, C. N., Markey, P. M., & Schulz, J. (2012). Mothers own weight concerns predict early child feeding concerns. Journal ofReproductive andInfant Psychology, 30 (12), 160167. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02646838.2012.693152

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Ogden et al. (2014).

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Ervin, R. B., & Ogden, C. L. (2013). Trends inintake ofenergy andmacronutrientsin children andadolescents from 19992000 through 20092010. NCHS Data Brief, 113, 18.

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Ibid.

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WHO.(2009). Global health risks, mortality andburden ofdisease attributable toselected major risks. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/GlobalHealthRisks_report_full.pdf

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Organization for Economic Cooperation Development. (2012). Obesity Update.Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/health/49716427.pdf

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WHO (2009).

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Kelland, K. (2012, February 21). Obesity rates indeveloped countries are rising: Report. TheHuffington Post.Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/21/obesity-developedcountries_n_1290937.html

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Ibid.

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WHO (2009).

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National Cancer Institute (2012). Obesity andcancer risk. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/obesity

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National Institutes ofHealth (NIH). (2012, July 13). What are thehealthrisks ofoverweight andobesity? Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/risks.html

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American Heart Association (2014, February 27). Obesity Information. Retrieved from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/WeightManagement/Obesity/ObesityInformation_UCM_307908_Article.jsp

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Acodependent relationship: Diabetes andobesity. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabeticcareservices.com/diabetes-education/diabetes-and-obesity.

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Carr, D., Friedman, M. A., & Jaffe, K. (2007). Understanding therelationship between obesity andpositive andnegative affect: Therole ofpsychosocial mechanisms. Body Image, 4, 165177.

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Jackson, T. D., Grilo, C. M., & Masheb, R. M. (2000).Teasing history, onsetof obesity, current eating disorder psychopathology, body dissatisfaction, andpsychological functioning inbinge eating disorder. Obesity Research, 8, 451458.doi: 10.1038/oby.2000.56

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Carr, D., & Friedman, M. A. (2005). Isobesity stigmatizing? Body weight, perceived discrimination, andpsychological well-being intheUnited States. Journalof Health andSocial Behavior, 46, 244259.

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Jackson et al. (2000).

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Carr & Friedman (2005).

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Markey, C. N., & Markey, P. M. (2011). Romantic partners, weight status, andweight concerns: Anexamination oftheActor-Partner Interdependence Model. Journal ofHealth Psychology, 16, 217225. doi: 10.1177/1359105310375636

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Alexander, S. C., Coffman, C. J., Tlusky, J. A., Lyna, P., Dolor, R. J., James, I. E.. Ostbye, T. (2010). Physician communication techniques andweight loss inadults: Project chat. American Journal ofPreventive Medicine, 39, 321328.

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NIH. (2012, July 13). What causes overweight andobesity? Health Informationfor thePublic.Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/causes.html

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Harris, J. L., Bargh, J. A., & Brownell, K. D. (2009). Priming effects oftelevision food advertising oneating behavior. Health Psychology, 28, 404413. doi:10.1037/a0014399; Lesser, L. I., Zimmerman, F. J., & Cohen, D. A. (2013). Outdoor advertising, obesity, andsoda consumption: Across-sectional study. BMCPublic Health, 13, 17. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-20

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CDC. (2010). Obesity andgenetics. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/features/obesity/

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Kern, M. L., & Friedman, H.S. (2008). Do conscientious individuals live longer? Aquanitative review. Health Psychology, 27, 505512. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.27.5.505

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Dermer, M. L., & Jacobson, E. (1986). Some potential negative social consequences ofcigarette smoking: Marketing research inreverse. Journal ofApplied Social Psychology, 16, 702725. doi: 10.1111/j.15591816.1986.tb01754.x

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American Heart Association. (2014, July 6). Smoking: Do you really know therisks? Retrieved from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/QuitSmoking/QuittingSmoking/Smoking-Do-you-really-know-the-risks_UCM_322718_Article.jsp

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Egan, S. (2013, June 25). Why smoking rates are atnew lows. TheNewYork Times [blog]. Retrieved from http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/06/25/why-smoking-rates-are-at-new-lows/?_php=true&_type=blogs&emc=tnt&tntemail0=y&_r=0

· #259

Ibid.

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CDC. (2014, March 28). Adult obesity facts. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html

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Rudd Center for Food Policy andObesity atYale University. (2008). Menu labeling inchain restaurants: Opportunities for public policy. Retrieved from http://yaleruddcenter.org/resources/upload/docs/what/reports/RuddMenuLabelingReport2008.pdf

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Begley, S. (2012, May 1). Thecosts ofobesity.The Huffington Post.Retrievedfrom http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/30/obesity-costs-dollars-cents_n_1463763.html

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Campos, P., Saguy, A., Oliver, E., & Gaesser, G. (2006). Theepidemiology ofoverweight andobesity: Public health crisis ormoral panic? International Journalof Epidemiology, 35, 5560.

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Dixon, J. (2013, March 6). Personal Communication.

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